Cancer can be categorized based on its stage. Cancer’s stage reveals cancer’s size, location, the extent of invasion into surrounding tissues, and whether it has migrated to neighboring lymph nodes or other body sections. Doctors may utilize physical examinations, imaging scans, and various testing to establish the cancer stage before beginning any treatment with the help of a virtual medical scribe. Before all of the tests get finished, staging might not get finished.
When is a cancer stage determined?
A person’s medical care may involve the staging of malignancy at various points. Here are some details about staging’s methods and timing. As you can see, these descriptions mention the “TNM category.” It is a reference to the TNM system of cancer staging that gets detailed further on this page.
Clinical staging takes place before the start of any treatment. A physical examination, your medical history, and any x-rays, images, scans, or diagnostic procedures you may have undergone are all used by your doctor and virtual medical scribe to make a diagnosis. The outcomes of any malignancy, lymph node or other tissue biopsies will also be considered. Planning your initial course of treatment with your doctor is aided by clinical staging. A tiny “c” is placed before the TNM category to denote the clinical stage.
The surgery was the first course of treatment for the malignancy, the pathological staging. It is based on the same data as the clinical staging and any additional information discovered during the operation. A tiny “p” is used before the TNM category to denote the pathological stage.
Stage after treatment:
When alternative treatments are administered before surgery but not as the first treatment, post-therapy staging gets performed. Radiation therapy and medication such as chemo, immunotherapy, and hormone therapy are a few examples of these treatments. To perform surgery uncomplicated; – several treatments may get given before surgery to reduce the tumor. To better plan future cancer therapies, it can also assist doctors – in fixing how well cancer treatments work. Putting a “y” before the TNM category indicates post-therapy staging.
Every cancer should be staged with clinical staging when doctors assess the stage of the disease using the TNM approach (see below). Pathological and post-therapy staging gets used both after surgery or after early therapies before surgery. Clinical staging is crucial for early treatment planning, but the pathological or post-therapy stage provides the best details. It could make your prognosis clear to your medical team.
What queries ought I to put to my doctor?
Power is knowledge. You should learn everything you can about your condition if you have received a cancer diagnosis. You can ask the following questions to your healthcare provider:
- What kind of cancer do I have?
- Has my body’s cancer spread to other parts?
- What are my prospects for surviving?
- What medical procedures do you suggest?
- What are the advantages and hazards of my treatment?
- How much time will the treatment take?
- Will my cancer treatment affect my ability to work?
- Will getting cancer to impair my ability to have children?
- Do I have to go to the hospital?
- Would I be a suitable candidate for a clinical trial?