In cricket, a game is adjudicated by two umpires, one standing behind the wicket of the non-striker and one on the opposite side of the pitch. These officials are responsible for keeping accurate records of all runs scored and acknowledge signals from the umpire. The official cricket scorer is required to check the accuracy of their score often with each other and with the umpires. Besides keeping accurate scores, these umpires often record analysis of bowlers and other statistics for broadcasting.
A batsman attempts to score runs by hitting the ball and running towards the opposite side of the pitch. A run is scored if both batsmen reach the opposite side of the pitch. A single ball can score multiple runs, as it can hit the boundary. For example, a bounced ball can score four runs, while a straight ball on the boundary can score six runs. Hence, the objective of cricket is to score the highest possible number of runs.
In cricket, a batsman may be run out if a fielder hits the stumps with the ball, or if a ball bounces off the wicket and a fielder catches it. In some circumstances, a fielder can also knock the bails off a batsman’s stumps. In such a case, the fielder will be deemed out of the game. A fielder may also decide to bowl without bails. The umpire must also determine if a wicket is broken. Cricket is played in two forms: one for limited duration and one for limited overs.